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10 of the Most Sophisticated Medieval Castles in Europe

Let’s take a step back in time and dive into the dramatic and romantic medieval times on our tour through some of Europe’s most impressive castles.

The marvellous medieval castles in Europe are teeming with mystery and spooky legends. By visiting one of these medieval castles in Europe, you will experience how the history of the era comes to life inside the castle walls. Each castle tells a tale of bygone times and you will be able to feel the real spirit of European feudalism.

Carreg Cennen Castle, Wales

Did you know that the Welsh countryside hides more castles per square mile than any other place in the world? Even if Carreg Cennen is a ruin, its location on a rugged limestone hilltop in the Brecon Beacons National Park makes it one of the most beautiful medieval castles on our list. The castle, which has been in ruins since 1462, can be visited from April to October.

Predjama Castle, Slovenia

Perched 400-feet high on the edge of a cliff, Predjama Castle has all the traditional properties of a medieval castle. Secret tunnels and a very bloody history – this formula has proven true for Predjama, a must-see castle. The castle also hosts an exciting medieval tournament every July, the Castle District, a unique experience, which is worth a visit.

Windsor Castle, England

The oldest and largest inhabited castle in the world, Windsor Castle is a royal residence, located in the Royal County of Berkshire, England. Ever since it was built in the 12th century by William the Conqueror, Windsor Castle has seen many a ruler live in it. This remarkable castle survived the English Civil War, and a number of other battles throughout the course of its long existence. Only a short distance from London, a visit to the capital can be combined with a one-day trip to Windsor.

Hunyad Castle, Romania

Famous for having inspired Bram Stoker for his (in)famous character Dracula, a bloodthirsty vampire, this scary looking castle is a relic of Gothic, medieval and Renaissance architecture. Its impressive towers, multi-coloured ceilings and stone carvings make Hunyad Castle one of seven Romanian wonders.

Wartburg Castle, Germany

Faithfully restored and kept in excellent condition, Wartburg Castle in Eisenach is well known as a refuge for Martin Luther, while he worked on the translation of the New Testament into German. Built in 1067, the castle is one of the best-preserved ones in Germany and is now listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can visit the castle museum, observe many architectural styles used in the design of the palace, and even have a guided tour in the room where Luther worked.

Comtal Castle, France

Chateau Comtal, meaning Count’s Castle, can be found in the city of Carcassonne, which is famous for the fact that it is the largest medieval city in Europe, that still has its walls intact .The whole area of the castle has been significantly restored and it was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987. The castle is a major tourist attraction today and can be combined with a Mediterranean holiday in one of the coastal cities in France such as Perpignan.

Alhambra, Spain

Magical Alhambra is also a good example of the world’s finest medieval architecture. The historic monument is a popular tourist destination and draws more than 6,000 visitors every day in the summer. The best time to visit and avoid crowds is definitely spring and autumn, during the low season. The central palace complex is one of the highlights, with carved wooden ceilings, beautifully painted walls and a gorgeous courtyard.

Del Monte Castle, Italy

Castel Del Monte combines elements of ancient Islamic and European Gothic styles. The castle is octagon-shaped with towers at each corner, and there are no church towers, chapels or moat. Built during the 1300’s, most historians believe that this World Heritage Castle was intended to be a fortress and a small castle was once a prison!

Edinburgh Castle, Scotland

A fully restored medieval building, Edinburgh Castle in Scotland, is one of the finest examples of castles built in the 1200’s. Perched on top of an extinct volcano, the castle has great views down to the city of Edinburgh. It is now open to the public for guided tours, events and even ghost hunts!

Bojnice Castle, Slovakia

One of the most romantic castles on our list, Bojnice Castle in Slovakia, looks exactly like a fairytale palace. Built in the 1200s, the castle is the most visited castle in Slovakia and is also used as a filming location for many fantasy films. The areas surrounding the castle are also worth a visit, as is the nearby oldest and the most popular zoo in Slovakia.

 

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